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The Key of G
The student now has to know when to play low 2nd and on which string (note).
In the 3 minuettes by Bach they are all in the key of G and have 1 sharp.
Everything on A and E are low 2nds.
Everything on the D is normal or high 2nd.
This is all true UNLESS there is a sharp placed (an accidental) in a measure. Whenever an accidental is placed in a measure it holds through that measure for all notes that match the accidental.
In the next measure everything goes back to the key signature unless there is another accidental. Remember . . . it holds through the whole measure but in the next measure everything resets back to the key signature.
It sound very confusing until you actually "hear" the notes played wrong, and then it makes plenty of sense. It sounds bad when it's the wrong note.
Another advanced thing in the Minuettes is the bowing. When two notes are tied together that are the same note but have a dot over them they are bowed the same direction . . . like up - up. or down - down. It is usually up - up.
The downbow sign is very important in advanced music. It helps you know which direction the bow is supposed to be going. It looks bad if you are the only one with the bow goind the wrong way.